Synthesis and biological evaluation of substituted [18F]Imidazo[1,2-a]pyridines and [18F]Pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidines for the study of the peripheral benzodiazepine receptor using positron emission tomography

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American Chemical Society
The fluoroethoxy and fluoropropoxy substituted 2-(6-chloro-2-phenyl)imidazo[1,2- a]pyridin-3-yl)- N, N-diethylacetamides 8 (PBR102) and 12 (PBR111) and 2-phenyl-5,7-dimethylpyrazolo[1,5- a]pyrimidin-3-yl)- N, N-diethylacetamides 15 (PBR099) and 18 (PBR146) were synthesized and found to have high in vitro affinity and selectivity for the peripheral benzodiazepine receptors (PBRs) when compared with the central benzodiazepine receptors (CBRs). The corresponding radiolabeled compounds [ (18)F] 8 [ (18)F] 12, [ (18)F] 15, and [ (18)F] 18 were prepared from their p-toluenesulfonyl precursors in 50-85% radiochemical yield. In biodistribution studies in rats, the distribution of radioactivity of the [ (18)F]PBR compounds paralleled the known localization of PBRs. In the olfactory bulbs, where the uptake of radioactivity was higher than in the rest of the brain, PK11195 and Ro 5-4864 were able to significantly inhibit [ (18)F] 12, while little or no pharmacological action of these established PBR drugs were observed on the uptake of [ (18)F] 8, [ (18)F] 15, and [ (18)F] 18 compared to control animals. Hence, [ (18)F] 12 appeared to be the best candidate for evaluation as an imaging agent for PBR expression in neurodegenerative disorders. © 2008 American Chemical Society
Synthesis, Imidazoles, Purines, Pyrazoles, Receptors, Positron computed tomography
Fookes, C. J., Pham, T. Q., Mattner, F., Greguric, I., Loc’h, C., Liu, X., Berghofer, P., Shepherd, R., Grégoire, M. C. & Katsifis, A. (2008). Synthesis and biological evaluation of substituted [18F] imidazo [1, 2-a] pyridines and [18F] pyrazolo [1, 5-a] pyrimidines for the study of the peripheral benzodiazepine receptor using positron emission tomography. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 51(13), 3700-3712. doi:10.1021/jm7014556