Synthesis and evaluation of an [18F] labelled imidazopyridine, for the study of the peripheral benzodiazepine binding sites using PET

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Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to synthesise and evaluate the F-18 imidazopyridine 2-(2-(4-(3-fluoropropoxy)phenyl)-6,8-dichloroimidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-3-yl)-N-methyl-N-phenylacetamide 1 as a potential tracer for the study of PBBS using PET. Methods: [18F]1 has been prepared by nucleophilic substitution of the tosylethyloxy precursor with 18F-fluoride in the presence of K222, K2CO3 in ACN at 100°C for 5 mins followed by RP-HPLC purification. The biodistribution of [18F]1 was performed in SD rats and brain and peripheral tissues were analysised at 15, 30 min, 1, and 4 h p.i. The specificity and selectivity of the tracer was assessed by pre-treatment with the PBBS ligands PK11195 and Ro 5-4864 and with Flumazenil for CBR at 1 mg/kg 5 min prior to injection of [18F]1. Results: In vitro binding of 1 indicated an IC50 of 7.4 nM for PBBS and >4000 nM for the CBR. [18F]1 was synthesised in 40-55 % radiochemical yield non-decay corrected and with > 95 % radiochemical purity. The specific activity ranged from 37-80 GBq/μmol (non optimised). Biodistribution studies indicated uptake of [18F]1 in tissue expressing PBBS. The adrenals showed high uptake, increasing from 9% ID/g at 30 min p.i to 11% at 4 h. In the kidneys the activity peaked at 15 min p.i.(5%) and decreased over time to 3.6% at 4h. In the heart the uptake was maintained at 7% througout the experiment (15 min to 4 h). Bone uptake ranged from 1% (at 15 min) to 2.9% at 4h. [18F]1 readily penetrated the blood-brain barrier with uptake in the olfactory regions ranging from an initial 0.66% at 15 min to 0.26% at 4 h p.i. The concentration in the blood was significantly lower than the brain regions (0.7% at 15 min to 0.15% at 4 h). Pre-treatment with PK 11195, Ro 5-4864 and non radioactive analogue 1 significantly decreased the uptake in the brain and peripheral organs except in the adrenals which showed a modest increase or no change in uptake. Flumazenil had no effect in the uptake of [18F]1 in the brain or peripheral organs. Conclusions: These results demonstrate the specific PBBS uptake of [18F]1 in vivo. Therefore [18F]1 warrants further investigation as a potential PET tracer for the PBBS. Copyright © 2020 Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
This abstract was presented at the XVIIth International Symposium on Radiopharmaceutical Sciences, April 30 May 4 2007, Aachen, Germany and was published in the Journal of Nuclear Medicine, May 1, 2007 vol. 48, Supplement 2.
Synthesis, Evaluation, Positron computed tomography, Fluorides, In vitro, Radiochemical analysis
Katsifis, A., Mattner, F., Pham, T., Fookes, C., Greguric, I., Berghofer, P., Ballantyne, P., Shepherd, R. & Liu, X. (2007). Synthesis and evaluation of an [18F] labelled imidazopyridine, for the study of the peripheral benzodiazepine binding sites using PET. Paper presented to the Society of Nuclear Medicine (SNM) 2007 Annual Meeting, June 02 - 06, 2007, Washington, DC. In Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 48(supplement 2), 300P-300P. Retrieved from