Crystal structure of protic ionic liquids and their hydrates

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International Union of Crystallography
Protic Ionic Liquids (PILs) are a class of tailorable solvents made up of fused salts with melting points below 100 °C, which are formed through a Brønsted acid-base reaction involving proton exchange[1]. These solvents have applications as lubricants, electrolytes, and many other uses[2]. Although they are quite similar to molten salts, their crystal structures have not been explored in-depth, with only ethylammonium nitrate (EAN) having a reported crystal structure[3, 4]. Ten alkylammonium-based protic ionic liquids at both neat (<1 wt% water) and 90 mol% PIL, 10 mol% water concentrations were selected. Diffraction patterns were collected at the Australian Synchrotron ANSTO while attempting to crystallise the samples by cooling to 120 K. Five samples crystallised (3 neat, 2 dilute), where the temperature of the system was then increased at a rate of 6 K/min to room temperature. From these patterns we have identified a number of crystal phases, identifying their stability ranges and lattice constant variation from 120 K to room temperature. © 2021 The Authors
Crystal structure, Molten salts, Temperature range, Broensted acids, Protons, Solvents, Liquids, Hydrates, Diffraction, ANSTO, Crystallization
Hassett, M. P., Brand, H., Binns, J., Martin, A. V., & Greaves, T. L. (2021). Crystal structure of protic ionic liquids and their hydrates. Poster presented to the IUCr 2021, 25th Congress of the International Union of Crystallography, Prague, Czech Republic, 14-22 August 2021. In Acta Crystallographica Section A: Foundations and Advances, 77(a2), C1242.