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Title: Intrinsic synergistic-topological mechanism versus synergistic-topological matrix in microtubule self-organization
Authors: Buljan, VA
Holsinger, RMD
Hambly, BD
Kanellis, V
Matar, E
Larkin, X
Liu, GJ
Bohorquez-Florez, JJ
Banati, RB
Keywords: Synergism
Electron microscopy
Calculation methods
In vitro
Issue Date: 4-Dec-2014
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd
Citation: Buljan, V. A., Holsinger, R. M. D., Hambly, B. D., Kanellis, V., Matar, E., Larkin, X. Liu, G. J., Bohorquez-Florez, J. J. & Banati, R. B. (2014). Intrinsic synergistic-topological mechanism versus synergistic-topological matrix in microtubule self-organization. EPJ Nonlinear Biomedical Physics, 2(1), 15. doi:10.1140/epjnbp/s40366-014-0015-8
Abstract: Background In this body of work we investigate the synergistic-topological relationship during self-organization of the microtubule fiber in vitro, which is composed of straight, axially shifted and non-shifted, acentrosomal microtubules under crowded conditions. Methods We used electron microscopy to observe morphological details of ordered straight microtubules. This included the observation of the differences in length distribution between microtubules in ordered and non-ordered phases followed by the observation of the formation of interface gaps between axially shifted and ordered microtubules. We performed calculations to confirm that the principle of summation of pairwise electrostatic forces act between neighboring microtubules all their entire length. Results We have shown that the self-organization of a microtubule fiber imposes a variety of topological restrictions onto its constituting components: (a) tips of axially shifted neighboring microtubules are not in direct contact but rather create an ‘interface gap’; (b) fibers are always composed of a restricted number of microtubules at given solution conditions; (c) the average length of microtubules that constitute a fiber is always shorter than that of microtubules outside a fiber; (d) the length distribution of microtubules that constitute a fiber is narrower than that of microtubules outside a fiber and this effect is more pronounced at higher GTP-tubulin concentrations; (e) a cooperative motion of fiber microtubules due to actualization of the summation principle of pairwise electrostatic forces; (f) appearance of local GTP-tubulin depletion immediately in front of the tips of fiber microtubules. Conclusion Overall our data indicate that under crowded conditions in vitro, the self-organization of a microtubule fiber is governed by an intrinsic synergistic-topological mechanism, which in conjunction with the topological changes, GTP-tubulin depletion, and cooperative motion of fiber constituting microtubules, may generate and maintain a ‘synergistic-topological matrix’. Failure of the mechanism to form biologically feasible microtubule synergistic-topological matrix may, per se, precondition tumorigenesis. © 2014 Authors
Gov't Doc #: 8688
ISSN: 2195-0008
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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