Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://apo.ansto.gov.au/dspace/handle/10238/11038
Title: Helical magnetic structure in cubic chiral crystal Pr5Ru3Al2
Authors: Okuyama, D
Makino, K
Avdeev, M
Ohishi, K
Yamauchi, K
Oguchi, T
Sato, TJ
Keywords: Helicity
Magnetic properties
Rare earths
Chirality
Spin
Heat treatments
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2017
Publisher: International Union of Crystallography
Citation: Okuyama, D., Makino, K., Avdeev, M., Ohishi, K., Yamauchi, K., Oguchi, T., and Sato, T. J. (2017). Helical magnetic structure in cubic chiral crystal Pr5Ru3Al2. Acta Crystallographica Section A: Foundations and Advances, 70, C1343. https://scripts.iucr.org/cgi-bin/paper?S2053273317082328
Abstract: Helical magnetic structure has recently attracted intrests because of the discovery of novel topological spin textures, forexample magnetic skyrmions and chiral magnetic soliton lattices. For such spin textures, a finite antisymmetricDzyaloshinsky–Moriya-type (cross product) interaction is crucial, activated in noncentrosymmetric crystals. Suchantisymmetric interactions have been studied mainly in 3d magnets. For example, in B20 compound (Mn,Fe,Co)Ge, theantisymmetric interaction is well investigated by the theoretical first principle calculation and found that the observed signinversion of the helicity of the helical magnetic structure by the magnetic ion substitution is quantitatively explained [1]. Incontrast, there are few studies investigating the antisymmetric interaction in 4f rare-earth based noncentrosymmetricmaterials. Murashova et al. reported the rare-earth based chiral compounds Re5Ru3Al2 with the space group I213 (Re = La,Pr) [2]. Nonetheless, their low temperature magnetism was largely unexplored. Powder Pr5Ru3Al2 was synthesized by the arc melting and high-frequency induction heating methods. The powder sampleswere annealed using muffle furnace and the high quality powder sample and single crystal were grown. In the magnetizationmeasurement using obtained Pr5Ru3Al2, the temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility is fitted by Curie-Weisslaw and the obtained Curie constant is close to the value for a free Pr3+ ion. At 4K, the antiferromagnetic transition isobserved [3]. To clarify the magnetic structure of Pr5Ru3Al2, we performed powder neutron diffraction using ECHIDNA inANSTO and single crystal small angle neutron scattering (SANS) using TAIKAN in J-PARC. The powder diffraction pattern at10 K is explained by the nuclear scattering of Pr5Ru3Al2. At 3 K, additional incommensurate magnetic peaks with thepropagation vector (q q q): q ~ 0.066 [r. l. u.] are observed. More noteworthy are the integrated intensities of theequivalent magnetic reflections around the nuclear 1 1 0 are not the same value. To explain the difference of the intensitiesbetween equivalent reflections, it is reasonable to conclude that the helical magnetic ordering takes place and the sign of itshelicity is determined by the sign of the crystal chirality. The magnetic structure determined by the magnetic representationand Rietveld analyses is shown in Fig. 1 (a). The composite magnetic structure obtained by adding the magnetic moments ofPr1, Pr2, Pr3, and Pr4 layers is the typical helical, as shown in Fig. 1 (b). In the SANS experiment using single crystalPr5Ru3Al2, the (q q q)-type magnetic reflection is also observed below 3.3 K. The band structure near Fermi energy iscalculated by the first principle calculation to determine the conduction band mediating RKKY interaction. From theseexperimental and theoretical results, the origin of the helical magnetic structure in Pr5Ru3Al2 will be discussed. © International Union of Crystallography
URI: https://scripts.iucr.org/cgi-bin/paper?S2053273317082328
https://apo.ansto.gov.au/dspace/handle/10238/11038
ISSN: 2053-2733
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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