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Title: Whole-organism concentration ratios in wildlife inhabiting Australian uranium mining environments
Authors: Hirth, GA
Johansen, MP
Carpenter, JG
Bollhöfer, A
Beresford, NA
Keywords: Wild animals
Concentration ratio
Uranium mines
Issue Date: Nov-2017
Publisher: Elsevier B. V.
Citation: Hirth, G. A., Johansen, M. P., Carpenter, J. G., Bollhöfer, A., & Beresford, N. A. (2017). Whole-organism concentration ratios in wildlife inhabiting Australian uranium mining environments. Special Issue on South Pacific Environmental Radioactivity Association (SPERA): 2016 Conference; guest edited by Dr. Gillian Hirth, Dr. Stephen Long & Emma Carey. In Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 178-179, 385-393. doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2017.04.007
Abstract: Wildlife concentration ratios for 226Ra, 210Pb, 210Po and isotopes of Th and U from soil, water, and sediments were evaluated for a range of Australian uranium mining environments. Whole-organism concentration ratios (CRwo-media) were developed for 271 radionuclide-organism pairs within the terrestrial and freshwater wildlife groups. Australian wildlife often has distinct physiological attributes, such as the lower metabolic rates of macropod marsupials as compared with placental mammals. In addition, the Australian CRswo-media originate from tropical and semi-arid climates, rather than from the temperate-dominated climates of Europe and North America from which most (>90%) of internationally available CRwo-media values originate. When compared, the Australian and non-Australian CRs are significantly different for some wildlife categories (e.g. grasses, mammals) but not others (e.g. shrubs). Where differences exist, the Australian values were higher, suggesting that site-, or region-specific CRswo-media should be used in detailed Australian assessments. However, in screening studies, use of the international mean values in the Wildlife Transfer Database (WTD) appears to be appropriate, as long as the values used encompass the Australian 95th percentile values. Gaps in the Australian datasets include a lack of marine parameters, and no CR data are available for freshwater phytoplankton, zooplankton, insects, insect larvae or amphibians; for terrestrial environments, there are no data for amphibians, annelids, ferns, fungi or lichens & bryophytes. The new Australian specific parameters will aide in evaluating remediation plans and ongoing operations at mining and waste sites within Australia. They have also substantially bolstered the body of U- and Th-series CRwo-media data for use internationally. ©2017 The Authors.
Description: This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
ISSN: 0265-931X
Appears in Collections:Conference Publications

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