Imaging capabilities of the Inveon SPECT system using single-and multipinhole collimators

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Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
The Inveon small-animal SPECT system comes with several types of multipinhole collimator plates. We evaluate here the performance measurements of the Inveon SPECT system using 6 different collimators: 3 dedicated for mouse imaging and 3 for rat imaging. Methods: The measured performance parameters include the sensitivity, the spatial resolution using line sources, the ultra-micro Derenzo phantom, the recovery coefficient and the noise measurements using the National Electrical Manufacturers Association NU-4 image quality phantom, obtained with the 2 reconstruction algorithms available with the Inveon Acquisition Workplace, version 1.5—the 3-dimensional ordered-subset expectation maximization (3DOSEM) and the 3-dimensional maximum a posteriori (3DMAP). Further, the overall performance of the system is illustrated by an animal experiment. Results: The results show that the Inveon SPECT scanner offers a spatial resolution, measured at the center of the field of view, ranging from 0.6 to 1 mm with the collimator plates dedicated to mouse imaging and from 1.2 to less than 2 mm with rat collimator plates. The system sensitivity varies from 29 to 404 cps/MBq for mouse collimators and from 53 to 175 cps/MBq for rat collimators. The image quality study showed that 3DMAP allows better noise reduction while preserving the recovery coefficient, compared with other regularization strategies such as the premature termination of the 3DOSEM reconstruction or 3DOSEM followed by gaussian filtering. Conclusion: The acquisition parameters, such as the collimator set and the radius of rotation, offer a wide range of possibilities to apply to a large number of biologic studies. However, special care must be taken because this increase in sensitivity can be offset by image degradation, such as image artifacts caused by projection overlap and statistical noise due to a higher number of iterations required for convergence. 3DMAP allowed better noise reduction while maintaining relatively constant recovery coefficients, as compared with other reconstruction strategies. © 2013 by the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Inc.
Images, Image scanners, Single photon emission computed tomography, Animals, Collimators, Sensitivity
Boisson, F., Zahra, D., Parmar, A., Grégoire, M. C., Meikle, S. R., Hamse, H., & Reilhac, A. (2013). Imaging capabilities of the Inveon SPECT system using single-and multipinhole collimators. Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 54(10), 1833-1840. doi:10.2967/jnumed.112.117572