Properties of spin-1/2 triangular-lattice antiferromagnets CuY2Ge2O8 and CuLa2Ge2O8

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American Physical Society
We found new two-dimensional (2D) quantum (S=1/2) antiferromagnetic systems: CuRE2Ge2O8 (RE=Y and La). According to our analysis of high-resolution x-ray and neutron diffraction experiments, the Cu network of CuRE2Ge2O8 (RE=Y and La) exhibits a 2D triangular lattice linked via weak bonds along the perpendicular b axis. Our bulk characterizations from 0.08 to 400 K show that they undergo a long-range order at 0.51(1) and 1.09(4) K for the Y and La systems, respectively. Interestingly, they also exhibit field induced phase transitions. For theoretical understanding, we carried out the density functional theory (DFT) band calculations to find that they are typical charge-transfer-type insulators with a gap of Eg≅2eV. Taken together, our observations make CuRE2Ge2O8 (RE=Y and La) additional examples of low-dimensional quantum spin triangular antiferromagnets with the low-temperature magnetic ordering. ©2017 American Physical Society
Antiferromagnetism, Monocrystals, Neutron diffraction, X-ray diffraction, Specific heat, Phase transformations
Cho, H., Kratochvílová, M., Sim, H., Choi, K.-Y., Kim, C. H., Paulsen, C., Avdeev, M., Peets, D. C., Jo, Y., Lee, S., Noda, Y., Lawler, M. J., & Park, J.-G. (2017). Properties of spin-1/2 triangular-lattice antiferromagnets CuY2Ge2O8 and CuLa2Ge2O8. Physical Review B, 95(14), 144404. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.95.144404