Actinides AMS on the VEGA accelerator

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Elsevier B. V.
The VEGA 1MV accelerator at ANSTO is designed to be a highly versatile AMS instrument. In this paper we focus on describing those aspects of the system that are designed to optimise its performance for actinides isotopic analysis, in particular the implementation of fast isotope cycling and multiple isotope detection methods to enable isotope detection across a wide range of rates and currents. Charge state yields are reported in the energy range from 0.3 to 1.0 MeV with helium gas stripping, showing that the highest yield for the 3+ charge state occurs around 1 MeV and exceeds 40%. Accuracy and precision for uranium isotope ratios are shown to approach 1% over a wide range of concentrations and isotope ratios. The ionisation efficiency for plutonium is shown to exceed 3%, leading to overall detection efficiency over 1%. In the absence of background, this leads to sub-attogram detection limits for several Pu isotopes including 244Pu. Crown Copyright © 2018 Published by Elsevier B.V.
Mass spectroscopy, Actinides, Plutonium, Uranium, Accelerator experimental facilities, ANSTO, Australia, Measuring instruments, Isotopes
Hotchkis, M. A. C., Child, D. P., Froehlich, M. B., Wallner, A., Wilcken, K., & Williams, M. (2019). Actinides AMS on the VEGA accelerator. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 438, 70-76. doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2018.07.029