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Title: In situ SAXS studies of the formation of sodium jarosite
Authors: Brand, HEA
Scarlett, NVY
Grey, IE
Knott, RB
Kirby, N
Keywords: Synchrotrons
X-ray lasers
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2013
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Citation: Brand, H. E. A., Scarlett, N. V. Y., Grey, I. E., Knott, R. B., & Kirby, N. (2013). In situ SAXS studies of the formation of sodium jarosite. Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, 20(part 4), 626-634. doi:10.1107/S0909049513013939
Abstract: This paper reports the results of time-resolved synchrotron small-angle scattering and powder diffraction experiments where natrojarosites were synthesized in situ in order to observe the species produced at the earliest stages of nucleation. The sample temperatures were 333, 353 and 368 K. These compounds were synthesized by co-precipitation from solution on the Small and Wide Angle Scattering and Powder Diffraction beamlines at the Australian Synchrotron. Scattering data were collected continuously throughout the syntheses. The results presented here show that the first particles to form in solution appear to be amorphous and nucleate on the walls of the reaction vessel. Crucially, there is a single nucleation event which forms particles with an elliptical disc morphology which then grow uniformly before natrojarosite crystallization is observed in complementary powder diffraction data. This nucleation event may represent the key to controlling the growth of jarosites in industrial and environmental settings. © 2013, Wiley-Blackwell.
Gov't Doc #: 5058
ISSN: 0909-0495
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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