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|Title:||Perovskites in low dimensional multi-layer structure types|
Spin glass state
|Publisher:||International Union of Crystallography|
|Citation:||Liu, S., Miiller, W., Liu, Y., Blanchard, P., Avdeev, M., Kennedy, B., & Ling, C. (2014). Perovskites in low dimensional multi-layer structure types. Paper presented at XXIII IUCr Congress Montreal, Canada, 5-12 August. In Acta Crystallographica Section A: Foundations and Advances, 70(a1), C1363-C1363. doi.org/10.1107/S2053273314086367|
|Abstract:||This study introduces examples of structure property relationships within the multi-layered Sillen-Aurivillius family (shown in Figure) and aims to investigate the effect of chemical doping and lattice matching effects. The first example involves doping 1/3 of the n = 3 ferroelectric perovskite layers with magnetic transition metal cations in Bi 5 PbTi 3 O 1 4 Cl  with charge balancing by removing Pb 2 + for Bi 3 + . A statistical 1:2 distribution of M 3 + and Ti 4 + across all three perovskite layers was found in Bi 6 Ti 2 MO 1 4 Cl, M = Cr 3 + , Mn 3 + , Fe 3 + , resulting in highly strained structures (enhancing the ferroelectricity compared to Bi 5 PbTi 3 O 1 4 Cl) and pronounced spin-glass behavior below T i r r (0) = 4.46 K. Ferroelectric transitions were observed at high temperature for each of the new compounds. Ferroelectric properties were also measured on Bi 6 Ti 2 FeO 1 4 Cl using piezoresponse force microscopy showing hysteretic phase behavior. A new n = 2 Sillen-Aurivillius compound Bi 3 Sr 2 Nb 2 O 1 1 Br, based on Bi 3 Pb 2 Nb 2 O 1 1 Cl , was synthesized by simultaneously replacing Pb 2 + with Sr 2 + and Cl - with Br - . Inter-layer mismatch prevented the formation of Bi 3 Sr 2 Nb 2 O 1 1 Cl and Bi 3 Pb 2 Nb 2 O 1 1 Br. Sr 2 + doping reduces the impact of the stereochemically active 6s 2 lone pair found on Pb 2 + and Bi 3 + , resulting in a stacking contraction in the lattice parameters by 1.22 % and an expansion of the a-b plane by 0.25 %, improving inter-layer compatibility with Br - . X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure spectra analysis shows that the ferroelectric distortion of the B-site cation is less apparent in Bi 3 Sr 2 Nb 2 O 1 1 Br compared to Bi 3 Pb 2 Nb 2 O 1 1 Cl. Variable-temperature neutron diffraction data show no evidence for a ferroelectric distortion. © International Union of Crystallography|
|Appears in Collections:||Conference Publications|
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