Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://apo.ansto.gov.au/dspace/handle/10238/10680
Title: Comparison of atmospheric water vapour δ18O and δ2H estimated using evaporation pan, rainfall equilibrium and continuous measurements
Authors: Crawford, J
Azcurra, CS
Hughes, CE
Gibson, JJ
Parkes, SD
Keywords: Deuterium
Oxygen
Atmospheric precipitations
Evaporation
Isotopes
New South Wales
Australia
Fourier transform spectrometers
Issue Date: Sep-2019
Publisher: Elsevier B. V.
Citation: Crawford, J., Azcurra, C. S., Hughes, C. E., Gibson, J. J., & Parkes, S. D. (2019). Comparison of atmospheric water vapour δ18O and δ2H estimated using evaporation pan, rainfall equilibrium and continuous measurements. Journal of Hydrology, 576, 551-560. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2019.06.056
Abstract: For a period of 16 months in Sydney, Australia, the variations of 2H/1H and 18O/16O in atmospheric vapour (δ2HA and δ18OA) were estimated using an evaporation pan method as well as using the isotopic precipitation-equilibrium approach. These calculations were then compared with δ2HA values measured at 10 m above ground surface using a Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer (FTIR). As pan isotopic composition was available on a weekly time scale, the evaporation rates were measured daily, and the atmospheric variables were available hourly, the weekly time scale was used to calculate the arithmetic averages of the atmospheric variables that were used in the estimation of the pan-derived δ2HA. Good agreement (r = 0.7, P-value = 0.00) was found between the pan-derived and the FTIR measured δ2HA for weekly intervals, although individual differences ranged from −25.0 to 20.4‰, with the absolute difference averaging 8.0‰. A sensitivity analysis showed that the determination of δ2HA is most sensitive to air temperature, relative humidity and the isotopic composition of the pan water. While the precipitation-equilibrium approach only appears to be representative of atmospheric conditions close to times of precipitation events, the pan-derived isotopic composition of atmospheric vapour was found to be closer to the FTIR averages over longer periods including intervals with no precipitation. Overall, this means that the pan method is far more effective for uninterrupted estimation of δ2HA and δ18OA of atmospheric water vapour, as required for water budget studies, than the precipitation-equilibrium method, and it is more cost effective and robust than continuous measurement. Crown Copyright © 2019 Published by Elsevier B.V.
URI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2019.06.056
https://apo.ansto.gov.au/dspace/handle/10238/10680
ISSN: 0022-1694
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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