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Title: Investigation of residual stresses in titanium aerospace components formed via additive manufacturing
Authors: Hoye, N
Li, H
Cuiuri, D
Paradowska, AM
Thorogood, KJ
Keywords: Additives
Neutron diffraction
Residual stresses
Gas tungsten-arc welding
Grain boundaries
OPAL Reactor
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2014
Publisher: Engineers Australia
Citation: Hoye, N., Li, H., Cuiuri, D., Paradowska, A., & Thorogood, K. (2014). Investigation of residual stresses in titanium aerospace components formed via additive manufacturing. 8th Australasian Congress on Applied Mechanics, ACAM 2014, Melbourne, Victoria as Part of Engineers Australia Convention 2014 (pp. 933-941). Australia: Engineers Australia. Retrieved from
Abstract: In the present study gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) with automated wire addition was used to additively manufacture (AM) a representative thin-walled aerospace component from Ti-6Al-4V in a layer-wise manner. Residual strains, and hence stresses, were analysed quantitatively using neutron diffraction techniques on the KOWARI strain scanner at the OPAL research facility operated by the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO). Results showed that residual strains within such an AM sample could be measured with relative ease using the neutron diffraction method. Residual stress levels were found to be greatest in the longitudinal direction and concentrated at the interface between the base plate and deposited wall. Difficulties in measurement of lattice strains in some discrete locations within the deposited material were ascribed to the formation of localised grain orientation where α-Ti laths form in aligned colonies within prior β-Ti grain boundaries upon cooling. Neutron diffraction measurements of residual stress were cross-correlated using the contour method with results found to be in close agreement. Observations of microstructure reveal 'basket-weave' morphology typical of fusion welds in Ti-6Al-4V. Microhardness measurements show lower hardness in the deposited material compared to the base plate and a further small decrease in hardness in the top region of the deposit, indicating a dependence on thermal cycling from sequential weld deposition. © 2021 Informit
ISBN: 9781922107350
Appears in Collections:Conference Publications

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