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Title: An O3‐type oxide with low sodium content as the phase‐transition‐free anode for sodium‐ion batteries
Authors: Zhao, C
Avdeev, M
Chen, L
Hu, YS
Keywords: X-ray diffraction
Sodium ions
Transition elements
Phase transformations
Issue Date: 11-Jun-2018
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: Zhao, C., Avdeev, M., Chen, L., Hu, Y. S. (2018) An O3‐type oxide with low sodium content as the phase‐transition‐free anode for sodium‐ion batteries. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 57(24), 7056-7060. doi:10.1002/anie.201801923
Abstract: Layered transition metal oxides NaxMO2 (M=transition metal) with P2 or O3 structure have attracted attention in sodium‐ion batteries (NIBs). A universal law is found to distinguish structural competition between P2 and O3 types based on the ratio of interlayer distances of the alkali metal layer d(O‐Na‐O) and transition‐metal layer d(O‐M‐O). The ratio of about 1.62 can be used as an indicator. O3‐type Na0.66Mg0.34Ti0.66O2 oxide is prepared as a stable anode for NIBs, in which the low Na‐content (ca. 0.66) usually undergoes a P2‐type structure with respect to NaxMO2. This material delivers an available capacity of about 98 mAh g−1 within a voltage range of 0.4–2.0 V and exhibits a better cycling stability (ca. 94.2 % of capacity retention after 128 cycles). In situ X‐ray diffraction reveals a single‐phase reaction in the discharge–charge process, which is different from the common phase transitions reported in O3‐type electrodes, ensuring long‐term cycling stability. © 2018 Wiley‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
ISSN: 1521-3773
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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