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|Title:||In situ neutron diffraction monitoring of Li7La3Zr2O12 formation: towards a rational synthesis of garnet solid electrolytes|
|Publisher:||American Chemical Society|
|Citation:||Rao, R. P., Gu, W., Sharma, N., Peterson, V. K., Avdeev, M., & Adams, S. (2015). In situ neutron diffraction monitoring of Li7La3Zr2O12 formation: towards a rational synthesis of garnet solid electrolytes. Chemistry of Materials, 27(8), 2903–2910. doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b00149|
|Abstract:||The favorable combination of fast-ionic conductivity and high electrochemical stability of Li-stuffed garnet type Li7La3Zr2O12 (LLZ) makes this material a promising candidate for applications as a solid-state electrolyte in high-energy-density batteries. However, a widespread technical use of LLZ is impeded by difficulty in reliable formation and densification of the pure fast-ion conducting phase. The present study of the phase-formation process enables rational fabrication procedures to be devised based on a thorough understanding of the complex phase formation of LLZ. In situ neutron powder diffraction monitoring of the phase formation revealed an influence of the partial melting of precursors on the formation of the fast-ion conducting phase, indicating that in the typical synthesis route LLZ is not formed in a solid-state reaction but from a partial carbonate melt that decomposes on further heating. The cooling rate critically influences lithium ordering and ionic conductivity. © 2015 American Chemical Society|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal Articles|
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