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Title: Large magnetic cooling power involving frustrated antiferromagnetic spin-glass state in R 2 NiSi 3 (R= Gd, Er)
Authors: Pakhira, S
Mazumdar, C
Ranganathan, R
Giri, S
Avdeev, M
Keywords: Magnetism
Neutron diffraction
Specific heat
Spin glass state
Issue Date: 14-Sep-2016
Publisher: American Physical Society
Citation: Pakhira, S., Mazumdar, C., Ranganathan, R., Giri, S., & Avdeev, M. (2016). Large magnetic cooling power involving frustrated antiferromagnetic spin-glass state in R 2 NiSi 3 (R= Gd, Er). Physical Review B, 94(10), 104414. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.94.104414
Abstract: The ternary intermetallic compounds Gd2NiSi3 and Er2NiSi3 are synthesized in chemically single phase, which are characterized using dc magnetization, ac magnetic susceptibility, heat capacity, and neutron diffraction studies. Neutron diffraction and heat capacity studies confirm that long-range magnetic ordering coexists with the frustrated glassy magnetic components for both compounds. The static and dynamical features of dc magnetization and frequency-dependent ac susceptibility data reveal that Gd2NiSi3 is a canonical spin-glass system, while Er2NiSi3 is a reentrant spin cluster-glass system. The spin freezing temperature merges with the long-range antiferromagnetic ordering temperature at 16.4 K for Gd2NiSi3. Er2NiSi3 undergoes antiferromagnetic ordering at 5.4 K, which is slightly above the spin freezing temperature at 3 K. The detailed studies of nonequilibrium dynamical behavior, viz., the memory effect and relaxation behavior using different protocols, suggest that both compounds favor the hierarchical model over the droplet model. A large magnetocaloric effect is observed for both compounds. Maximum values of isothermal entropy change (−ΔSM) and relative cooling power (RCP) are found to be 18.4 J/kg K and 525 J/kg for Gd2NiSi3 and 22.6 J/kg K and 540 J/kg for Er2NiSi3, respectively, for a change in field from 0 to 70 kOe. The values of RCP are comparable to those of the promising refrigerant materials. A correlation between large RCP and magnetic frustration is discussed for developing new magnetic refrigerant materials. ©2016 American Physical Society
ISSN: 2469-9969
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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