Neutron powder diffraction experiments on multiferroic DyMnO 3

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Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and Engineering
Multiferroic materials of particular interest are the frustrated magnetic compounds that exhibit a strongly coupled electric polarization (EP). One such compound is DyMnO{sub 3} which exists in an orthorhombic (o-DMO) and hexagonal modification depending on the synthesis conditions. In the present work the o-DMO is investigated by means of neutron powder diffraction focusing on the magnetic phase transitions and the behavior of the structural parameters in different magnetic and multiferroic phases. Below T{sub n,mn} =39 K, the Mn moments order sinusoidally with no EP. Then T{sub l=}16 K the Mn moments order in a spin spiral structure with an induced Dy moment and EP and finally below T{sub N,DY}=9 K a collinear ordering of the Dy moments takes place that reduces the EP significantly. Single phase samples are prepared via the solid state route and neutron diffraction (ND) experiments are carried out at the high flux ND beamline Wombat and at the high resolution ND beamline Echidna at OPAL. 0-DMO crystallizes in the space group Pbnm. All three magnetic phase transitions are identified and are in good agreement with. Below T{sub N,MN} an increased rotation of the rigid Mn06 octahedra in the ab plane, likely due to the competition between nearest neighbour aid next nearest neighbour superexchange interactions takes place. However below T{sub l} the MnO{sub 6} octahedra are significantly distorted along the c axis, the direction of the EP. Therefore the correlation between significant changes in the Mn-O bonds and the spontaneous EP are evident below T{sub l}. The reduction of EP below T{sub N.DY} on the other hand correlates with the rapid increase in the orbital ordering angle towards the 120° corresponding to the 3x{sup 2}-r{sup 2}/3y{sup 2}-r{sup 2} character of the orbitals.
Superfluidity, Superconductivity, Crystals, Ferromagnetic materials, Interactions, Magnetic properties, Neutron diffraction, Spin glass state
Narayanan, N., Li, F., Hutchison, W., Mulders, A. M., Reynolds, N., Rovillan, P., Ulrich, C., Hester, J., & McIntyre, G. (2012). Neutron powder diffraction experiments on multiferroic DyMnO 3. Presented at AINSE-ANBUG 2012: 10th Neutron Scattering Symposium (AANSS), Sydney, NSW (Australia), 7-9 Nov. 2012. In 10th AINSE-ANBUG Neutron Scattering Symposium (AANSS) 2012, (pp. 78).