Electron doping evolution of the magnetic excitations in BaFe(2-x)NixAs2

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American Physical Society.
We use inelastic neutron scattering (INS) spectroscopy to study the magnetic excitations spectra throughout the Brillouin zone in electron-doped iron pnictide superconductors BaFe2-xNixAs2 with x = 0.096,0.15,0.18. While the x = 0.096 sample is near optimal superconductivity with T-c = 20 K and has coexisting static incommensurate magnetic order, the x = 0.15,0.18 samples are electron overdoped with reduced T-c of 14 and 8 K, respectively, and have no static antiferromagnetic (AF) order. In previous INS work on undoped (x = 0) and electron optimally doped (x = 0.1) samples, the effect of electron doping was found to modify spin waves in the parent compound BaFe2As2 below similar to 100 meV and induce a neutron spin resonance at the commensurate AF ordering wave vector that couples with superconductivity. While the new data collected on the x = 0.096 sample confirm the overall features of the earlier work, our careful temperature dependent study of the resonance reveals that the resonance suddenly changes its Q width below T-c similar to that of the optimally hole-doped iron pnictides Ba0.67K0.33Fe2As2. In addition, we establish the dispersion of the resonance and find it to change from commensurate to transversely incommensurate with increasing energy. Upon further electron doping to overdoped iron pnictides with x = 0.15 and 0.18, the resonance becomes weaker and transversely incommensurate at all energies, while spin excitations above similar to 100 meV are still not much affected. Our absolute spin excitation intensity measurements throughout the Brillouin zone for x = 0.096,0.15,0.18 confirm the notion that the low-energy spin excitation coupling with itinerant electron is important for superconductivity in these materials, even though the high-energy spin excitations are weakly doping dependent. © 2013, American Physical Society.
Barium, Iron, Nickel, Arsenic, Superconductivity, Dispersions
Luo, H., Lu, X., Zhang, R., Wang, M., Goremychkin, E.A., Adroja, D.T., Danilkin, S., Deng, G., Yamani, Z., & Dai, P. (2013). Electron doping evolution of the magnetic excitations in bafe2-xnixas2. Physical Review B, 88(14), 144516. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.88.144516