Effect of residual stress on the integrity of a branch connection

No Thumbnail Available
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Elsevier Science Ltd
A new connection to an existing gas pipeline was made by hot-tapping, welding directly onto a pressurised pipeline. The welds were not post-weld heat treated, causing significant residual stresses. The critical weld had residual stresses determined by neutron diffraction using ANSTO's residual stress diffractometer, Kowari. The maximum measured residual stress (290 MPa) was 60% of the yield strength. The magnitudes of errors from a number of sources were estimated. An integrity assessment of the welded branch connection was performed with the measured residual stress values and with residual stress distributions from the BS 7910 and API 579 analysis codes. Analysis using estimates of residual stress from API 579 overestimated the critical crack size. © 2012, Elsevier Ltd.
Welding, Residual stresses, Pipelines, Diffractometers, Neutron diffraction, Neutrons
Law, M., Kirstein, O., & Luzin, V. (2012). Effect of residual stress on the integrity of a branch connection. International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, 96-97, 24-29. doi:10.1016/j.ijpvp.2012.05.008