Effect of deposition material and heat treatment on wear and rolling contact fatigue of laser cladded rails

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To develop a laser cladding technique for repairing rail surface damages due to rolling contact, wear and rolling contact fatigue characteristics of a set of laser cladded rails were investigated using a roller-on-disc test machine. Three deposition materials 410L, SS420 and Stellite 6, were chosen to clad a premium hypereutectoid steel rail under two different heat treatment processes. In the first heat treatment, only preheating at 350 °C was conducted and in the second heat treatment, preheating at 350 °C, post-heating at 350 °C (1 h) then slow-cooling to room temperature was conducted. Preheating the substrate was insufficient to prevent martensite formation resulting from the rapid cooling rate, whereas post heat treatment was beneficial for refining the lamellar spacing and eliminating martensite formation in the clad layer and heat affected zone. Following the roller-on-disc tests, wear loss was calculated from wear track profiles using a laser optical profilometer. The level of surface degradation, surface cracking and spalling was investigated using an optical microscope. Experimental results revealed that SS420 cladding had the highest wear resistant behaviour but severe surface cracks and spalling were found in the worn area. Stellite 6 cladding showed similar wear resistance as the parent substrate rail and the best fatigue resistance behaviour among the three cladded rail samples. Based on this research, Stellite 6 is the most promising deposition material for repairing rails by laser cladding. © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
Wear, Cladding, Lasers, Rolling, Heat treatments, Fatigue
Roy, T., Lai, Q., Abrahams, R., Mutton, P., Paradowska, A., Soodi, M., & Yan, W. (2018). Effect of deposition material and heat treatment on wear and rolling contact fatigue of laser cladded rails. Wear, 412–413, 69-81. doi:10.1016/j.wear.2018.07.001