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Title: Orakei maar paleolake (Auckland, NZ):A multi-method approach to the composite stratigraphy of a long sediment core
Authors: Peti, L
Augustinus, P
Woodward, C
Keywords: New Zealand
Geologic deposits
Drill cores
Climatic change
Southern Hemisphere
Issue Date: 10-Dec-2018
Publisher: Australiasian Quaternary Association Inc.
Citation: Peti, L., Augustinus, P., & Woodward, C. (2018). Orakei maar paleolake (Auckland, NZ):A multi-method approach to the composite stratigraphy of a long sediment core. Paper presented at the AQUA Biennal Conference, Canberra, 10-14 December 2018.
Abstract: The development of records of Quaternary environmental and –climatic changes relies largely on long, complete sediment sequences. However, coring techniques do not allow extraction of one continuous record of sedimentation to be recovered from a single drill hole. In order to reconstruct a complete record, it is common practice to drill two or more overlapping cores with a depth offset to overcome coring-induced loss and disturbance and then stitch these records together using stratigraphic markers to produce a master stratigraphy. However, details of the process used and critical uncertainties are rarely reported despite the fact that spurious correlations may alter subsequent paleoenvironmental interpretations. Here we detail the procedure employed to build a composite stratigraphy from three overlapping long lake sediment cores from Orakei maar paleolake (Auckland). Orakei maar was created by a phreato-magmatic eruption to forming a lake basin of a low surface-to-depth ratio and virtually no catchment. The accumulated sediment can be considered a direct recorder of climatic and environmental changes over the Last Glacial Cycle in the Southern Hemisphere mid-latitudes, a crucial but under-studied part of the global climatic system. Finely laminated sediment in the Orakei record can be aligned and correlated along visually distinct marker horizons, as well as tephra layers (Fig. 1), with sub-cm to mm resolution, supplemented by μ- XRF core scanning elemental and X-ray density variability. Complications arise from lateral inhomogeneities in sedimentation along the lake bottom and hence, larger differences between the three cores. These sections, usually of coarser grain size, likely caused by local landslides from the crater rim, are correlated based on: visual logging, common pattern in μ-XRF elemental and Xray density variation, and typical depth offset between the observed debris flows in the cores. Figure 1: Composite stratigraphy and lithology of Orakei maar paleo-lake record built from three overlapping sediment cores. © The Authors
Gov't Doc #: 9636
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