Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://apo.ansto.gov.au/dspace/handle/10238/9564
Title: Sydney particle study: overview and motivations
Authors: Keywood, MD
Gallaby, I
Cope, M
Boast, K
Chambers, SD
Cheng, M
Dunne, E
Fedele, R
Gillett, R
Griffiths, AD
Lawson, S
Miljevic, B
Molloy, S
Powell, J
Reisen, F
Ristovski, Z
Selleck, PW
Ward, J
Keywords: New South Wales
Australia
Particles
Pollution
environment
Air pollution
Smog
Mortaility
Issue Date: 15-Nov-2011
Publisher: The Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research
Citation: Keywood, M., Gallaby, I., Cope, M., Boast, K., Chambers, S., Cheng, M., Dunne, E., Fedele, R., Gillett, R., Griffiths, A., Lawson, S., Miljevic, B., Molloy, S., Powell, J., Reisen, F., Ristovski, Z., Selleck, P., & Ward, J. (2011). Sydney particle study: overview and motivations. Paper presented at 5th CAWCR Annual Workshop, Melbourne, Victoria, 15-16 November 2011, (pp. 42-43).
Series/Report no.: CAWCR technical report no. 44;
Abstract: Studies of health impacts from atmospheric pollutants suggest that particles are currently one of the most significant pollutants with respect to human mortality and morbidity. However, reduction in particle concentrations through source regulation is challenging due to the large number particle sources (both natural and anthropogenic) present in an airshed, and the wide range of particle sizes and chemical species emitted. Additionally, secondary particles can also make a significant contribution to total particle exposure, particularly in the fine size fraction which is considered to have the largest impact on health. Being generated through photochemical processes (similar to ozone), a reduction in the concentration of secondary particles requires that source regulators also consider the relevant gas-phase precursors to these particles. Climate change projections for NSW suggest significant increases in the frequency of drought, increases in the frequency of hot days and increases in the frequency of high fire risk weather. This has important ramifications for air pollution and health, with atmospheric particle smog severity linked to the frequency of hot, sunny days, and with the highest particle pollution concentrations linked to the presence of bushfire plumes in the Sydney airshed. Particles and ozone are also coupled, with enhanced ozone concentrations often observed on bushfire days and with 50% or greater of fine particle mass potentially of photochemical origin. The development of a long term control strategy for particles in Sydney can be informed through the use of comprehensive three-dimensional simulations of the atmosphere, sources and multi-phase phase chemistry. However the development of such modelling capability requires a good understanding of the contribution made by local and remote particles sources to the total particle exposure within the region. Such understanding requires detailed and high quality data sets. We present here an overview of the Sydney Particle Study, a combined modelling and observation project which included an intensive field campaign of aerosol and aerosol precursor measurements carried out in Sydney during February 2011. We focus our discussion on the field campaign which combined sophisticated measurement techniques to produce a high quality data set of atmospheric composition observations. The campaign was a collaboration 43between CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, NSW Office of Environment and Heritage, Queensland University of Technology and ANSTO. Data collected included criteria pollutant concentrations, aerosol microphysical properties, aerosol chemical composition (as a function of size, integrated over 4 hours and in real time), concentration of volatile organic compounds (integrated over 4 hours and in real time) and radon concentrations. Continuous aerosol size distributions indicated the occurrence of secondary aerosol formation occurring in the afternoons on approximately 50% of the days sampled. Data analysis continues in order to understand the processes driving this secondary formation. © 2011 CSIRO and the Bureau of Meteorology.
Gov't Doc #: 9520
URI: https://www.cawcr.gov.au/technical-reports/CTR_044.pdf
http://apo.ansto.gov.au/dspace/handle/10238/9564
ISBN: 9780643107250
ISSN: 1836-019X
Appears in Collections:Conference Publications

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