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Title: Constraining the sources of the CH4 increase during the Oldest Dryas-Bølling abrupt warming event using 14CH4 measurements from Taylor Glacier, Antarctica
Authors: Doyonisius, M
Petrenko, VV
Smith, AM
Hmiel, B
Hua, Q
Harth, CM
Baggenstos, D
Bauska, TK
Bock, M
Beck, J
Seth, B
Beaudette, R
Schmitt, J
Palardy, A
Brooks, E
Weiss, R
Fischer, H
Severinghaus, J
Keywords: Methane
Antarctic regions
Climatic change
Greenhouse effect
Drill cores
Issue Date: 7-Mar-2016
Publisher: Antarctic Climate and Ecosystems Cooperative Research Centre
Citation: Doyonisius, M., Petrenko, V. V., Smith, A., Hmiel, B., Hua, Q., Harth, C., Baggenstos, D., Bauska, T., Bauska, T., Bock, M., Beck, J., Seth, B., Baudette, R., Schmitt, J., Palardy, A., Brooks, E., Weiss, R., Fischer, H., & Severinghaus, J. (2016). Constraining the sources of the CH4 increase during the Oldest Dryas-Bølling abrupt warming event using 14CH4 measurements from Taylor Glacier, Antarctica. Paper presented at the IPICS 2016, International Partnerships in Ice Core Sciences, Secon Open Science Conference, 7-11 March 2016, Hobart, Tasmania.
Abstract: Methane (CH4) is an important greenhouse gas with both natural and anthropogenic sources. Understanding how the natural CH4 budget has changed in response to changing climate in the past can provide insights on the sensitivity of the natural CH4 emissions to the current anthropogenic warming. Low latitude wetlands are the largest natural source of CH¬4 to the atmosphere. It has been proposed, however, that in the future warming world emissions from marine CH4 clathrates and Arctic permafrost might increase significantly. CH4 isotopes from ice cores in Greenland and Antarctica have been used to constrain the past CH¬4 budget. 14CH4 is unique in its ability to unambiguously distinguish between “old” CH4 sources (e.g. marine clathrate, geologic sources, old permafrost) and “modern” CH4 sources (e.g. tropical and boreal wetlands). We have successfully collected six large volume (~1000 kg) samples of ancient ice from Taylor Glacier, Antarctica that span the Oldest Dryas – Bølling (OD-BO) CH4 transition (~14.5ka). The OD-BO is the first large abrupt CH4 increase following the Last Glacial Maximum, with atmospheric CH4 increasing by ≈30% in the span of ≈ 200 years. All samples have recently been successfully measured for 14CH4, δ13C-CH4, and δD-CH4. 14CH4 measurements of accompanying procedural blanks show that effects from extraneous carbon addition during processing are small. Results are currently undergoing corrections for in-situ cosmogenic 14C based on 14CO measurements in the same samples. We will present the corrected 14CH4 results and preliminary interpretation with regard to causes of the OD-BO CH4 increase.
Gov't Doc #: 9603
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