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|Title:||Wetland development nutrient accumulation and runoff in New Zealand dairy pastures with very high annual rainfall|
|Citation:||Chagué-Goff, C, Sorrell, B., Duncan, M., & Cotton, S. (2012). Wetland development nutrient accumulation and runoff in New Zealand dairy pastures with very high annual rainfall. Paper presented at 7th SWS 2012 European Chapter Meeting, "Wetland restoration - challenges and oppotrunities", 17-21 June 2012, Aarhus, Denmark.|
|Abstract:||Agricultural activity in regions with high annual rainfall raises particular challenges for managing nutrient runoff. Here we report on a four-year study of patterns of nutrient accumulation and loss in dairy pastures from a catchment of the West Coast of the South Island of New Zealand, receiving up to 3500 mm annual rainfall. Due to poor drainage in the gley soils, farming practice involves contouring the pasture in broad corrugations, termed ‘humps and hollows’, to improve drainage; grazing is restricted to the humps, whilst wetland vegetation (predominantly a marsh of Juncus and Carex species) naturally colonizes the wetter drainage hollows. We aimed to quantify nutrient accumulation and runoff at this site, paying particular attention to the function of the wetland hollows in nutrient cycling. Subsurface flow was found to be negligible in the poorly draining soil, with water loss and nutrient yields restricted to surface flows. No fertiliser was applied the first year at one site. Specific nitrogen and phosphorus yields ranged from 11-56 kg N ha-1 yr-1 and 2.0-13.4 kg P ha-1 yr-1. The highest P yield (mostly in particulate form) was recorded even when no P fertiliser was applied. Wetland vegetation and soils showed prolonged accumulation of both N and P throughout their development, but failed to intercept peak events that occurred when cattle were allowed to graze the pastures following heavy rainfall events. Potential soil denitrification, measured from denitrification enzyme activity experiments, was very low, with median values < 50 ng N g-1 h-1 throughout the study, predominantly due to low nitrate concentrations. We conclude that (i) significant nutrient discharge is a feature of this system; (ii) the natural wetland formation in drainage hollows is an important nutrient sink that mitigates discharge; and (iii) much of the remaining discharge could be ameliorated by improved farming practices. © University, DCE – Danish Centre for Environment and Energy|
|Gov't Doc #:||9658|
|Appears in Collections:||Conference Publications|
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