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Title: Evaluating irradiation dose for sterility induction and quality control of mass-produced fruit fly cactrocera tryoni (Diptera: Tephritidae)
Authors: Dominiak, BC
Sundaralingam, S
Jiang, L
Fanson, BG
Collins, SR
Banos, C
Davies, JB
Taylor, PW
Keywords: Irradiation
Fruit flies
Sex ratio
Sterile insect release
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2014
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Citation: Dominiak, B. C., Sundaralingam, S., Jiang, L., Fanson, B. G., Collins, S. R., Banos, C., Davies, J. B., & Taylor, P. W. (2014). Evaluating irradiation dose for sterility induction and quality control of mass-produced fruit fly Bactrocera tryoni (Diptera: Tephritidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 107(3), 1172-1178. doi:10.1603/EC13421
Abstract: The sterile insect technique has been routinely used to eradicate fruit fly Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt) incursions. This study considers whether fly quality in a mass-rearing facility can be improved by reducing irradiation doses, without sacrificing reproductive sterility. Pupae were exposed to one of five target irradiation dose ranges: 0, 40–45, 50–55, 60–65, and 70–75 Gy. Pupae were then assessed using routine quality control measures: flight ability, sex ratio, longevity under nutritional stress, emergence, and reproductive sterility. Irradiation did not have a significant effect on flight ability or sex ratio tests. Longevity under nutritional stress was significantly increased at 70–75 Gy, but no other doses differed from 0 Gy. Emergence was slightly reduced in the 50–55, 60–65, and 70–75 Gy treatments, but 40–45 Gy treatments did not differ from 0 Gy, though confounding temporal factors complicate interpretation. Reproductive sterility remained acceptable (>99.5%) for all doses— 40–45 Gy (99.78%), 50–55 Gy (100%), 60–65 Gy (100%), and 70–75 Gy (99.99%). We recommend that B. tryoni used in sterile insect technique releases be irradiated at a target dose of 50–55 Gy, providing improved quality and undiminished sterility in comparison with the current 70–75 Gy standard while also providing a substantial buffer against risk of under dosing. © 2014, Oxford University Press
Gov't Doc #: 8742
ISSN: 1938-291X
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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