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Title: Selective sorption of actinides by titania nanoparticles covalently functionalized with simple organic ligands
Authors: Veliscek-Carolan, J
Jolliffe, KA
Hanley, TL
Keywords: Nuclear fuels
Solvent extraction
Organic wastes
pH value
Separation processes
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2012
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Citation: Veliscek-Carolan, J., Jolliffe, K. A., & Hanley, T. L. (2013). Selective sorption of actinides by titania nanoparticles covalently functionalized with simple organic ligands. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 5(22), 11984-11994. doi:10.1021/am403727x
Abstract: Although current and proposed reprocessing of used nuclear fuel is performed predominantly by solvent extraction processes, solid phase sorbent materials have many advantages including the ability to avoid production of large volumes of organic waste. Therefore, three titania nanoparticle based sorbent materials have been developed, functionalized with organic ligands designed to impart selectivity for elements relevant to important separations at the back end of the nuclear fuel cycle. A novel, simplified method of covalent functionalization to the titania surface has been utilized, and the resulting materials have been shown to be hydrolytically stable at pH 2. The sorption behavior of these organofunctionalized titania materials was investigated over a wide pH range with a selection of elements including fission products and actinides. Titania nanoparticles functionalized with an amine or phosphate moiety were able to demonstrate exclusive extraction of uranium under optimized conditions. Titania nanoparticles functionalized with a picolinamide moiety exhibited superior minor actinide sorption properties, in terms of both efficiency and selectivity, to solvent extraction processes using similar organic moieties. As such, organo-functionalized titania materials as solid phase sorbents show promise as a future alternative to solvent extraction processes for nuclear separations. © 2013, American Chemical Society.
Gov't Doc #: 6210
ISSN: 1944-8244
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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