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Title: A radioisotope tracer investigation to determine the direction of groundwater movement adjacent to a tidal creek during spring and neap tides
Authors: Acworth, RI
Hughes, CE
Turner, IL
Keywords: Ground water
Gamma detection
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2007
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Citation: Acworth, R. I., Hughes, C. E., & Turner, I. L. (2007). Hydrogeology Journal, 15(2), 281-296. doi:10.1007/s10040-006-0085-5
Abstract: A radioisotope tracer (82Br) was injected into a sand aquifer adjacent to a tidal creek at Hat Head, New South Wales, Australia. The injection was timed to coincide with the falling limb of a spring tide in August 2001 and was repeated in July 2002 during a period of neap tides. The tracer movement was detected using gamma logging and fixed gamma detectors in a bore 0.9 m from an injection bore and in a line approximately perpendicular to the creek. Movement of the tracer was detected by comparing measured gamma activity with calibrated activities determined under laboratory conditions. Net movement of the tracer indicated approximately 0.001 m/day laterally towards the creek and 0.07 m/day vertically upward during spring tide conditions. This pattern is reversed during neap tide conditions with little net vertical movement but horizontal movement of 0.15 m/day. The measurements indicated an oscillatory motion coinciding with the tide but lagging the tide by approximately 4.5–6.5 h. The vertical flow during spring tides indicates that vertical movement of the saline interface occurs and results in mixing of different water types beneath the banks of the creek.© 2007, Springer.
Gov't Doc #: 5224
ISSN: 1431-2174
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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