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Title: Variability in sepiolite: diffraction studies
Authors: del Río, MS
García-Romero, E
Suárez, M
da Silva, I
Fuentes-Montero, L
Martinez-Criado, G
Keywords: Sepiolite
X-ray diffraction
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2011
Publisher: GeoScienceWorld
Citation: del Río, M. S., García-Romero, E., Suárez, M., da Silva, I., Fuentes-Montero, L., & Martinez-Criado, G. (2011). Variability in sepiolite: diffraction studies. American Mineralogist, 96(10), 1443-1454. doi:10.2138/am.2011.3761
Abstract: Twenty sepiolites of known composition from different origins were analyzed to quantify the variability in structural parameters and its possible relationships with composition and morphology. Morphology SEM analyses led to classify the sepiolites into several groups, beyond the two simple macroscopic or clay groups. X-ray powder diffraction with synchrotron light was used to discuss the variability of the a and b cell parameters with the nature of the cations and occupancy of the octahedral shell. Rietveld refinement using the ideal sepiolite model is performed on sepiolites at two temperatures: 225 degrees C (for zeolitically dehydrated sepiolite) and 25 degrees C (for hydrated ambient sepiolite). The latter permitted to locate ca. six molecules of the zeolitic H(2)O within the tunnels. A few samples were selected to evaluate the feasibility and potential of single-crystal diffraction methods: X-ray microdiffraction and electron diffraction. The macroscopic sepiolites gave well-structured and rich X-ray fiber diffraction patterns, in excellent agreement with ab initio simulations. High-quality single-crystal electron diffraction patterns for three axis zones are indexed and compared with simulations. The experimental and modeling results for X-ray microdiffraction and electron diffraction open a new path for quantitative crystallography on sepiolite and other fibrous clays from the sepiolite-palygorskite group. © 2011, Mineralogical Society of America
Gov't Doc #: 3892
ISSN: 0003-004X
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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