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Title: Application of acoustical methods to the measurement of water content in sand
Authors: Nazarov, VE
Radostin, AV
Stepanyants, YA
Bennett, JW
Keywords: Sand
Wave propagation
Leak testing
Porous materials
Issue Date: Oct-2000
Publisher: Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation
Citation: Nazarov, V. E., Radostin, A. V., Stepanyants, Y. A., & Bennet, J. W. (2000). Application of acoustical methods to the measurement of water content in sand (ANSTO/E741). Lucas Heights, N.S.W.: Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation.
Abstract: Results of laboratory experiments on the propagation of high-frequency acoustic waves (f = 100 kHz) in a glass tube filled with river sand are presented. Several sand samples have been used with different water content: dry unsaturated and completely water saturated. It is shown that the dissipative coefficient of acoustic waves decreases with increasing wave amplitude. This 'self-brightening' phenomenon takes place over the whole range of moisture content from zero to 100% but its degree of manifestation depends on the moisture content. The exponent of the dissipative nonlinearity α is found to be the most sensitive parameter to the moisture content and is determined on the basis of measurements. It is considered to be a good indicator of water content in porous media and provides an opportunity to measure water content in such materials indirectly by means of an acoustic method. A simple phenomenological model is presented to explain the experimental results.
Gov't Doc #: 388
ISBN: 0642599793
ISSN: 1030-7746
Appears in Collections:Scientific and Technical Reports

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