Biogenic separation, accumulation and cellular distribution of Cu, Co, and Ni in medicago sativa under idealized conditions
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Taylor & Francis
The limits of uptake of Co, Ni, and Cu by the common metallophyte, Medicago sativa, were assessed using hydroponic growth and metal uptake experiments. The influence of the growth substrate metal concentration (500 and 1000 ppm) and exposure time, i.e., the time plants were exposed to the metal solution (24, 48, or 72 h) was investigated. The combined roots and shoots of Medicago sativa accumulated up to 2.2 wt-% Co, 2.0 wt-% Ni, and 3.5 wt-% Cu, when exposed to aqueous solutions containing 1000 ppm Co for 48 h, 1000 ppm Ni for 72 h, and 1000 ppm Cu for 72 h, respectively. The distribution of the sequestered metals was assessed using proton induced that X-ray emission spectroscopy (μ-PIXE), which indicated that translocation mechanism was most likely xylem loading. However, the rate of translocation of the metal from the roots to the plant stem was different for each metal, suggesting differing mechanisms for each. Collectively, these results suggest the separation and removal of the heavy metals Cu, Co, and Ni from contaminated substrates using Medicago sativa is a viable technology. © 2010, Taylor & Francis Ltd.
Cobalt, Copper, Nickel, Plants, Biological accumulation, Uptake
Bali, R., Siegele, R., & Harris, A. T. (2010). Biogenic separation, accumulation and cellular distribution of Cu, Co, and Ni in medicago sativa under idealized conditions. Separation Science and Technology, 45(10), 1395-1401. doi:10.1080/01496391003681014