Behavior of (La,Sr)CoO3- and La2NiO4-based ceramic anodes in alkaline media: compositional and microstructural factors

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The behavior of dense ceramic anodes made of perovskite-type La1-x-ySrxCo1-zAlzO3-δ (x=0.30-0.70; y=0-0.05; z=0-0.20) and K2NiF4- type La2Ni1-xMexO4+δ (Me=Co, Cu; x=0-0.20) indicates significant influence of metal hydroxide formation at the electrode surface on the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) kinetics in alkaline solutions. The overpotential of cobaltite electrodes was found to decrease with time, while cyclic voltammetry shows the appearance of redox peaks characteristic of Co(OH)(2)/CoOOH. This is accompanied with increasing effective capacitance estimated from the impedance spectroscopy data, because of roughening of the ceramic surface. The steady-state polarization curves of (La,Sr)CoO3-δ in the OER range, including the Tafel slope, are very similar to those of model Co(OH)(2)-La(OH)(3) composite films where the introduction of lanthanum hydroxide leads to decreasing electrochemical activity. La2NiO4-based anodes exhibit a low electrochemical performance and poor stability. The effects of oxygen nonstoichiometry of the perovskite-related phases are rather negligible at high overpotentials but become significant when the polarization decreases, a result of increasing role of oxygen intercalation processes. The maximum electrocatalytic activity to OER was observed for A-site-deficient (La0.3Sr0.7)(0.97)CoO3-δ, where the lanthanum content is relatively low and the Co4+ concentration determined by thermogravimetric analysis is highest compared to other cobaltites. Applying microporous layers made of template-synthesized nanocrystalline (La0.3Sr0.7)(0.97)CoO3-δ leads to an improved anode performance, although the effects of microstructure and thickness are modest, suggesting a narrow electrochemical reaction zone. Further enhancement of the OER kinetics can be achieved by electrodeposition of cobalt hydroxide- and nickel hydroxide- based films. © 2008, Springer.
Anodes, Lanthanum, Perovskites, Oxygen, Electrodes, Hydroxides
Poznyak, S. K., Kharton, V. V., Frade, J. R., Yaremchenko, A. A., Tsipis, E. V., Yakovlev, S. O., & Marozau, I. P. (2008). Behavior of (La,Sr)CoO3- and La2NiO4-based ceramic anodes in alkaline media: compositional and microstructural factors. Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 12(1), 15-30. doi:10.1007/s10008-007-0353-x