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Title: Effect of oxygen partial pressure on the formation mechanisms of complex Ca-rich ferrites
Authors: Webster, NAS
Pownceby, MI
Madsen, IC
Kimpton, JA
Keywords: Iron ores
Sintered materials
X-ray diffraction
Crystal structure
Neutron diffraction
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2013
Publisher: The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan Keidanren Kaikan
Citation: Webster, N. A. S., Pownceby, M. I., Madsen, I. C., & Kimpton, J. A. (2013). Effect of oxygen partial pressure on the formation mechanisms of complex Ca-rich ferrites. ISIJ International, 53(5), 774-781. doi:10.2355/isijinternational.53.774
Abstract: The formation mechanisms of the complex Ca-rich ferrite iron ore sinter bonding phases SFCA and SFCA-I, during heating of a synthetic sinter mixture in the range 298-1623 K and at pO(2) = 0.21, 5 x 10(-3) and 1 x 10(-4) atm, were determined using in situ X-ray diffraction. SFCA and, in particular, SFCA-I are desirable bonding phases in iron ore sinter, and improved understanding of the effect of parameters such as pO(2) on their formation may lead to improved ability to maximise their formation. in industrial sintering processes. SFCA-I and SFCA were both observed to form at pO(2) = 0.21 and 5 x 10-3 atm, with the formation of SFCA-I preceding SFCA formation in each case, but via distinctly different mechanisms at each pO(2). No SFCA-I was observed at pO(2) = 1 x 10-4 atm; instead, a Ca-rich phase designated CFAlSi, formed at 1 420 K. By 1 456 K, CFAlsi had decomposed to form melt and a small amount of SFCA. Such a low pO(2) during heating of industrial sinter mixtures is, therefore, undesirable, since it would not result in the formation of an abundance of SFCA and SFCA-I bonding phases. In addition, CFA phase, which was determined by Webster et al. (Metall. Mater. Trans. B, 43(2012), 1344) to be a key precursor phase in the formation of SFCA at pO(2) = 5 x 10(-3) atm, was also observed to form at pO(2) = 0.21 and 1 x 10(-4) atm, with the amount decreasing with increasing pO(2). Copyright © The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan 2013.
Gov't Doc #: 5083
ISSN: 0915-1559
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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