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Title: The formation of eutectic phases and hot cracks in one Ni–Mo–Cr superalloy.
Authors: Li, J
Shrestha, SL
Long, Y
Zhijun, L
Xintai, Z
Keywords: TEMPERATURE RANGE 0400-1000 K
Thermodynamic model
Molten salt reactors
Issue Date: 5-Mar-2016
Publisher: Elsevier B. V.
Citation: Li, J., Shrestha, S. L., Long, Y., Zhijun, L., & Xintai, Z. (2016). The formation of eutectic phases and hot cracks in one Ni–Mo–Cr superalloy. Materials & Design, 93(5), 324-333. doi: 10.1016/j.matdes.2015.12.152
Abstract: The structure and the formation mechanism of brittle eutectic phases and hot cracks formed at grain boundaries were investigated in two Ni-Mo-Cr superalloys with different silicon contents (0.06 and 0.46 wt.%). The eutectic phases and hot cracks can be observed along the rolling direction in the 0.46 wt.% Si heat when heated to 1335 °C or a higher peak temperature up to 1365 °C. Exposure to the higher peak temperatures resulted in the formation of larger eutectic phases and hot cracks in the higher silicon heat. Conversely, there are fewer eutectic phases and smaller hot cracks forming in the low-silicon heat when heated to 1365 °C. The eutectic phases were identified as γ-M6C′ type. Based on the constitutional liquation theory and thermodynamic calculations, it was found that the formation of the eutectic phases and hot cracks is due to the localized melting of primary M6C carbides and surrounding Si-riched matrix. The degree of elements segregation in liquid films determines whether liquid films solidify into eutectic phases or cause hot cracks. This model can reasonably explain the observed phenomena and contribute to designing appropriate solid-solution treatment process and welding procedure to avoid brittle phases and cracks in the Ni-Mo-Cr superalloy. © 2015 Elsevier B. V.
ISSN: 0264-1275
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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