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Title: Toward a mechanism of rattler coupling in the β-pyrochlores AOs2O6 (A = K, Rb, Cs)
Authors: Elvis Shoko, E
Peterson, VK
Kearley, GJ
Issue Date: 3-Mar-2014
Publisher: Springer Link
Citation: Shoko, E., Peterson, V., & Kearley, G. (2014). Toward a mechanism of rattler coupling in the β-pyrochlores AOs2O6 (A = K, Rb, Cs). Journal of Materials Science, 49(15), 5468-5480. doi:
Abstract: We have applied ab initio molecular dynamics simulations to study metal–metal coupling on the alkali-metal sublattice in the β-pyrochlore osmates, AOs2O6 (A = K, Rb, Cs) at 300 K. We find that the dynamics of the alkali-metal atoms (rattlers) exhibit stronger rattler–rattler correlations than rattler–cage correlations, and that, at 300 K, this correlation is strongest for Cs. We show that the rattler–rattler correlations control the dominant dynamics in the rattling of these atoms. We provide preliminary evidence that the rattler correlated motion occurs primarily through two somewhat distinct vibrational modes: a high-energy mode (peak A) couples the rattlers to each other and a low-energy mode (peak B) couples the rattlers to the cage modes. Rattler–rattler correlated motion through the high-energy mode provides insight into the trend in spectral broadening from Cs to K. The spectral broadening is inversely proportional to the strength of the dynamical correlations on the alkali-metal sublattice which in turn depend on the atomic size of the rattler, decreasing from Cs to K. Thus, the broadest spectrum exhibited by the K is partly a consequence of the small size of this rattler which permits a greater range of motions involving combinations of both correlated and anti-correlated dynamics. We emphasize that the identification of the somewhat distinct roles of the high-energy (peak A) and low-energy (peak B) modes in rattler coupling reported in this work is a significant step toward a complete fundamental mechanism of rattler dynamical coupling in these osmates. We believe that such a mechanism will have profound implications for a broad class of cage compounds, including clathrates and skutterudites.© 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York.
ISSN: 1573-4803
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