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|Title: ||Whole-organism concentration ratios for plutonium in wildlife from past US nuclear research data|
|Authors: ||Johansen, MP|
|Issue Date: ||1-Dec-2013|
|Citation: ||Johansen, M. P., Kamboj, S., & Kuhne, W. W. (2013). Whole-organism concentration ratios for plutonium in wildlife from past US nuclear research data. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 126(0), 412-419.|
|Abstract: ||Whole-organism concentration ratios (CRwo-media) for plutonium (Pu) in wildlife were calculated using data from the broad range of organism types and environmental settings of the US nuclear research program. Original sources included site-specific reports and scientific journal articles typically from 1960s to 80s research. Most of the calculated CRwo-media values are new to existing data sets, and, for some wildlife categories, serve to fill gaps or add to sparse data including those for terrestrial reptile; freshwater bird, crustacean and zooplankton; and marine crustacean and zooplankton. Ratios of Pu concentration in the whole-organism to that in specific tissues and organs are provided here for a range of freshwater and marine fish. The CRwo-media values in fish living in liquid discharge ponds were two orders of magnitude higher than those for similar species living in lakes receiving Pu from atmospheric fallout, suggesting the physico-chemical form of the source Pu can dominate over other factors related to transfer, such as organism size and feeding behavior. Small rodent data indicated one to two order of magnitude increases when carcass, pelt, and gastrointestinal tract were included together in the whole-organism calculation compared to that for carcass alone. Only 4% of Pu resided in the carcass of small rodents compared to 75% in the gastrointestinal tract and 21% in the pelt. © 2012, Elsevier Ltd.|
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