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|Title: ||Application of positive matrix factorisation, multi-linear engine and back trajectory techniques to the quantification of coal-fired power station pollution in metropolitan Sydney|
|Authors: ||Cohen, DD|
|Issue Date: ||1-Dec-2012|
|Publisher: ||Pergamon Elsevier Science Ltd|
|Citation: ||Cohen, D. D., Crawford, J., Stelcer, E., & Atanacio, A. J. (2012). Atmospheric Environment, 61, 204-211. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.07.037|
|Abstract: ||Over 900 fine particle Teflon filters were collected within the Sydney Basin between 1 January 2001 and 31 December 2011 and analyzed using simultaneous PIXE, PIGE, RBS and PESA techniques to determine 21 different elements between hydrogen and lead. These elements were used in positive matrix factorization (PMF) and multi-linear engine (ME) techniques together with HYSPLIT wind back trajectory techniques to quantitatively determine source fingerprints and their contributions from coal-fired power stations. The power stations were many kilometers outside the greater Sydney metropolitan area but still had a significant impact on the fine particle mass loadings measured at the sampling site within this metropolitan area. The PM2.5 eleven year average mass at the sampling site was 6.48 mu g m(-3). The corresponding ammonium sulfate estimate was 1.65 mu g m(-3) or 26% of the PM2.5 mass. By applying back trajectory data and (ME) analysis methods, two power related fingerprints, secondary sulfate (2ndryS-Power) and aged industrial sulfur (IndSagedPower) were determined. These two power related fingerprints were responsible for between 14 and 18% of the total PM2.5 mass and 34-47% of the total sulfate measured at the sampling site. That is on average somewhere between a third and a half of all the sulfate measured in the greater Sydney region could be attributed to coal-fired power station emissions. © 2012, Elsevier Ltd.|
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