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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://apo.ansto.gov.au/dspace/handle/10238/3997

Title: Deposits, flow characteristics, and landscape change resulting from the September 2009 South Pacific Tsunami in the Samoan Islands.
Authors: Richmond, BM
Buckley, M
Etienne, S
Chagué-Goff, C
Clark, K
Goff, J
Dominey-Howes, D
Strotz, L
Keywords: Tsunami
NEW ZEALAND
EARTHQUAKES
Shores
REEFS
MORPHOLOGY
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2011
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Citation: Richmond, B.M., Buckley, M., Etienne, S., Chague-Goff, C., Clark, K., Goff, J., Dominey-Howes, D., Strotz, L. (2011). Deposits, flow characteristics, and landscape change resulting from the September 2009 South Pacific tsunami in the Samoan islands. EARTH-SCIENCE REVIEWS, 107(1-2, SI), 38-51.
Abstract: The September 29th 2009 tsunami caused widespread coastal modification within the islands of Samoa and northern Tonga in the South Pacific. Preliminary measurements indicate maximum runup values of around 17 m (Okal et al., 2010) and shore-normal inundation distances of up to similar to 620 m (Jaffe et al., 2010). Geological field reconnaissance studies were conducted as part of an UNESCO-IOC International Tsunami Survey Team survey within three weeks of the event in order to document the erosion, transport, and deposition of sediment by the tsunami. Data collected included: a) general morphology and geological characteristics of the coast, b) evidence of tsunami flow (inundation, flow depth and direction, wave height and runup), c) surficial and subsurface sediment samples including deposit thickness and extent, d) topographic mapping, and e) boulder size and location measurements. Four main types of sedimentary deposits were identified: a) gravel fields consisting mostly of isolated cobbles and boulders, b) sand sheets from a few to similar to 25 cm thick, c) piles of organic (mostly vegetation) and man-made material forming debris ramparts, and d) surface mud deposits that settled from suspension from standing water in the tsunami aftermath. Tsunami deposits within the reef system were not widespread, however, surficial changes to the reefs were observed. Published by Elsevier B.V.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2011.03.008
http://apo.ansto.gov.au/dspace/handle/10238/3997
ISSN: 0012-8252
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