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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://apo.ansto.gov.au/dspace/handle/10238/2822

Title: Upland olive domestication in the Chalcolithic Period: new 14C determinations from el-Khawarij (Ajlun), Jordan.
Authors: Lovell, JL
Meadows, J
Jacobsen, GE
Keywords: Olives
Jordan
Cultivation
Human Populations
Resource Exploitation
Isotope Dating
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2009
Publisher: University of Arizona
Citation: Lovell, J. L., Meadows, J., & Jacobsen, G. E. (2009). Upland olive domestication in the Chalcolithic Period: new 14C determinations from el-Khawarij (Ajlun), Jordan. 20th International Radiocarbon Conference, 31st May - 5th June 2009. Big Island, Hawaii: Kailua-Kona. In Radiocarbon, 52(2), 364-371.
Abstract: New radiocarbon results on olive stones from el-Khawarij date olive cultivation at this site, in the Jordanian highlands, to the last 2 centuries of the 5th millennium cal BC. This period also sees the emergence of olive cultivation at Teleilat Ghassul, by the Dead Sea. The 10 new AMS dates were deliberately obtained from carbonized olive stones in order to date the exploitation of olives at el-Khawarij, a late prehistoric settlement believed to have been reliant on olive production. The results reveal a much longer span of occupation than hitherto suspected, including 2 dates that may fall later than 3900 cal BC (particularly OZI221, 3950–3530 cal BC). These later dates are in line with dates from other upland sites in the region, and may strengthen suggestions that Chalcolithic settlement persisted for longer in better watered upland areas (Lovell 2002). Further, an early date from a sample in a rock-cut installation in Area A suggests a much earlier date for occupation at the site, implying that upland olive exploitation may have commenced before 4700–4450 cal BC.
URI: https://digitalcommons.library.arizona.edu/restrictedobjectviewer?o=http://radiocarbon.library.arizona.edu/Volume52/Number2/62a9c62b-9dd3-40e7-ab44-d2915d79bcea
http://apo.ansto.gov.au/dspace/handle/10238/2822
ISSN: 0033-8222
Appears in Collections:Conference Publications

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