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Title: Novel approach for calculating starch crystallinity and its correlation with double helix content: a combined XRD and NMR study.
Authors: Lopez-Rubio, A
Flanagan, BM
Gilbert, EP
Gidley, MJ
Keywords: X-Ray Diffraction
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Amorphous State
Issue Date: Sep-2008
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Citation: Lopez-Rubio, A., Flanagan, B. M., Gilbert, E. P., & Gidley, M. J. (2008). Novel approach for calculating starch crystallinity and its correlation with double helix content: a combined XRD and NMR study. Biopolymers, 89(9), 761-768.
Abstract: A peak fitting procedure has been implemented for calculating crystallinity in granular starches. This methodology, widely used for synthetic polymers, is proposed to better reflect the crystalline content of starches than the method normally used, in which it is assumed that relatively perfect crystalline domains are interspersed with amorphous regions. The new approach takes into account irregularities in crystals that are expected to exist in semicrystalline materials. Therefore, instead of assuming that the amorphous background extends up to the base of diffraction peaks, the whole X-ray diffraction (XRD) profile is fitted to an amorphous halo and several discrete crystalline diffraction peaks. The crystallinity values obtained from the XRD patterns of a wide range of native starches using this fitting technique are very similar to the double helix contents as measured by C-13 solid state NMR, suggesting that double helices in granular starches are present within irregular crystals. This contrasts with previous descriptions of crystalline and noncrystalline double helices that were based on the analysis of XRD profiles as perfect crystals interspersed in a noncrystalline background. Furthermore, with this fitting methodology it is possible to calculate the contribution from the different crystal polymorphs of starch to the total crystallinity. © 2008, Wiley-Blackwell. The definitive version is available at
ISSN: 0006-3525
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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