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|Title: ||Laboratory studies of the diffusive transport of 137Cs and 60Co through potential waste repository soils.|
|Authors: ||Itakura, T|
|Keywords: ||South Australia|
|Issue Date: ||Sep-2010|
|Citation: ||Itakura, T., Airey, D. W., Leo, C. J, Payne, T., & McOrist, G. D. (2010). Laboratory studies of the diffusive transport of 137Cs and 60Co through potential waste repository soils. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 101(9), 723-729.|
|Abstract: ||Tests using reconstituted samples have been performed to assess the diffusive transport of 137Cs and 60Co through natural regolith materials from a region in South Australia being considered for a radioactive waste repository. A double diffusion cell apparatus made of polycarbonate resin was developed to estimate the effective diffusion (De) and sorption coefficients (Kd) that allowed large withdrawals from the source and collector cells and has enabled tests with low concentrations of radioactivity. An alternative to porous stainless steel filter plates has also been used to reduce uncertainty in test interpretation. Analysis of the transient data used a staged method of the Laplace transform to take into consideration the volume of the samples withdrawn from the apparatus during testing. At test completion samples were cut into slices and analysed for radionuclide concentration. Data obtained from the sliced samples confirmed that both numerical and experimental data produced acceptable mass balance. The De values obtained in this study were of the order of 10−6 cm2 s−1 for both species, higher than previously published data. The Kd values from the diffusion and batch sorption tests were in reasonable agreement for 137Cs, but an order of magnitude different for 60Co. The sorption of the latter radionuclide was strongly pH dependent, and this dependency during diffusion tests would benefit from further investigation. © 2010, Elsevier Ltd.|
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