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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://apo.ansto.gov.au/dspace/handle/10238/1747

Title: Atmospheric pollutants in alpine peat bogs record a detailed chronology of industrial and agricultural development on the Australian continent.
Authors: Marx, SK
Kamber, BS
McGowan, HA
Zawadzki, A
Keywords: Pollution
Metals
Yttrium
Holmium
Lead
Peat
Issue Date: 1-May-2010
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Marx, S. K., Kamber, B. S., McGowan, H. A., & Zawadzki, A. (2010). Atmospheric pollutants in alpine peat bogs record a detailed chronology of industrial and agricultural development on the australian continent. Environmental Pollution, 158(5), 1615-1628.
Abstract: Two peat bogs from remote alpine sites in Australia were found to contain detailed and coherent histories of atmospheric metal pollution for Pb, Zn, Cu, Mo, Ag, As, Cd, Sb, Zn, In, Cr, Ni, Tl and V. Dramatic increases in metal deposition in the post-1850 AD portion of the cores coincide with the onset of mining in Australia. Using both Pb isotopes and metals, pollutants were ascribed to the main atmospheric pollution emitting sources in Australia, namely mining and smelting, coal combustion and agriculture. Results imply mining and metal production are the major source of atmospheric metal pollution, although coal combustion may account for up to 30% of metal pollutants. A novel finding of this study is the increase in the otherwise near-constant Y/Ho ratio after 1900 AD. We link this change to widespread and increased application of marine phosphate fertiliser in Australia's main agricultural area (the Murray Darling Basin). Detailed records of atmospheric metal pollution accumulation in Australia are presented and are shown to trace the industrial and agricultural development of the continent. © 2010, Elsevier Ltd.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2009.12.009
http://apo.ansto.gov.au/dspace/handle/10238/1747
ISSN: 0269-7491
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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