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|Title: ||Synaptic arrangement of the neuroligin/β-neurexin complex revealed by X-ray and neutron scattering.|
|Authors: ||Comoletti, D|
Small Angle Scattering
|Issue Date: ||Jun-2007|
|Publisher: ||Elsevier (Cell Press)|
|Citation: ||Comoletti, D., Grishaev, A., Whitten, A. E., Tsigelny, I., Taylor, P., & Trewhella, J. (2007). Synaptic arrangement of the neuroligin/β-neurexin complex revealed by X-ray and neutron scattering. Structure, 15(6), 693-705.|
|Abstract: ||Neuroligins are postsynaptic cell-adhesion proteins that associate with their presynaptic partners, the neurexins. Using small-angle X-ray scattering, we determined the shapes of the extracellular region of several neuroligin isoforms in solution. We conclude that the neuroligins dimerize via the characteristic four-helix bundle observed in cholinesterases, and that the connecting sequence between the globular lobes of the dimer and the cell membrane is elongated, projecting away from the dimer interface. X-ray scattering and neutron contrast variation data show that two neurexin monomers, separated by 107 A, bind at symmetric locations on opposite sides of the long axis of the neuroligin dimer. Using these data, we developed structural models that delineate the spatial arrangements of different neuroligin domains and their partnering molecules. As mutations of neurexin and neuroligin genes appear to be linked to autism, these models provide a structural framework for understanding altered recognition by these proteins in neurodevelopmental disorders. © 2007, Cell Press|
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