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Title: Surface chemistry and rheology of polysulfobetaine-coated silica.
Authors: Starck, P
Mosse, WJK
Nicholas, NJ
Spiniello, M
Tyrrell, J
Nelson, A
Qiao, GG
Ducker, WA
Keywords: Aqueous Solutions
Charged Currents
Issue Date: 3-Jul-2007
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Citation: Starck, P., Mosse, W. K. J., Nicholas, N. J., Spiniello, M., Tyrrell, J., Nelson, A., et al. (2007). Surface chemistry and rheology of polysulfobetaine-coated silica. Langmuir, 23(14), 7587-7593.
Abstract: We have measured the viscosity of suspensions of colloidal silica particles (d = 300 nm) and the properties of silica surfaces in solutions of a polymer consisting of zwitterionic monomer groups, poly(sulfobetaine methacrylate), polySBMA. This polymer has potential use in modifying surface properties because the polymer is net uncharged and therefore does not generate double- layer forces. The solubility of the polymer can be controlled and varies from poor to good by the addition of sodium chloride salt. Ellipsometry was used to demonstrate that polySBMA adsorbs to silica and exhibits an increase in surface excess at lower salt concentration, which is consistent with a smaller area per molecule at low salt concentration. Neutron reflectivity measurements show that the adsorbed polymer has a thickness of about 3.7 nm and is highly hydrated. The polymer can be used to exercise considerable control over suspension rheology. When silica particles are not completely covered in polymer, the suspension produces a highly viscous gel. Atomic force microscopy was used to show this is caused by bridging of polymer between the particles. At higher surface coverage, the polymer can produce either a high or very low viscosity slurry depending on the sodium chloride concentration. At high salt concentration, the suspension is stable, and the viscosity is lower. This is probably because the entrainment of many small ions renders the polymer film highly hydrophilic, producing repulsive surface forces and lubricating the flow of particles. At low salt concentrations, the polymer is barely soluble and more densely adsorbed. This produces less stable and more viscous solutions, which we attribute to attractive interactions between the adsorbed polymer layers. © 2007, American Chemical Society
ISSN: 0743-7463
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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