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Title: Crystal structure of the sodium cobaltate deuterate superconductor NaxCoO2⋅4xD2O (x≈13)
Authors: Jorgensen, JD
Avdeev, M
Hinks, DG
Burley, JC
Short, S
Keywords: Neutron diffraction
Crystal structure
Alkali metals
Issue Date: 29-Dec-2003
Publisher: American Physical Society
Citation: Jorgensen, J. D., Avdeev, M., Hinks, D. G., Burley, J. C., & Short, S. (2003). Crystal structure of the sodium cobaltate deuterate superconductor NaxCoO2⋅4xD2O (x≈13). Physics Review B 68, 214517. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.68.214517
Abstract: Neutron and x-ray powder diffraction have been used to investigate the crystal structures of a sample of the newly-discovered superconducting sodium cobaltate deuterate compound with composition Na0.31(3)CoO2⋅1.25(2)D2O and its anhydrous parent compound Na0.61(1)CoO2. The anhydrous parent compound Na0.61(1)CoO2 has two partially occupied Na sites sandwiched, in the same plane, between CoO2 layers. When Na is removed to make the superconducting composition, the Na site that experiences the strongest Na–Co repulsion is emptied while the occupancy of the other Na site is reduced to about one third. The deuterate superconducting compound is formed by coordinating four D2O molecules (two above and two below) to each remaining Na ion in a way that gives Na–O distances nearly equal to those in the parent compound. One deuteron of the D2O molecule is hydrogen bonded to an oxygen atom in the CoO2 plane and the oxygen atom and the second deuteron of each D2O molecule lie approximately in a plane between the Na layer and the CoO2 layers. This coordination of Na by four D2O molecules leads in a straightforward way to ordering of the Na ions and D2O molecules consistent with the observation of additional shorter-range scattering features in the diffraction data. The sample studied here, which has Tc=4.5K, has a refined composition of Na0.31(3)CoO2⋅1.25(2)D2O, in agreement with the expected 1:4 ratio of Na to D2O. These results show that the optimal superconducting composition should be viewed as a specific hydrated compound, not a solid solution of Na and D2O (H2O) in NaxCoO2⋅D2O. The hydrated superconducting compound may be stable over a limited range of Na and D2O concentration, but studies of Tc and other physical properties vs Na or D2O composition should be viewed with caution until it is verified that the compound remains in the same phase over the composition range of the study. ©2003 American Physical Society
ISSN: 2469-9969
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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