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Title: Crystal chemistry of carbon-substituted MgB2
Authors: Avdeev, M
Jorgensen, JD
Ribeiro, RA
Bud’ko, SL
Canfield, PC
Keywords: Crystal structure
Crystal doping
Crystal lattices
Neutron diffraction
Issue Date: 15-May-2003
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Avdeev, M., Jorgensen, J. D., Ribeiro, R. A., Bud’ko, S. L., & Canfield, P. C. (2003) Crystal chemistry of carbon-substituted MgB2. Physica C: Superconductivity, 387,3–4, 301-306. doi:10.1016/S0921-4534(03)00722-6
Abstract: Neutron powder diffraction has been used to characterize a sample of C-substituted MgB2 synthesized from Mg and B4C (with isotopically enriched 11B). The sample is multiphase, with the major phase [73.4(1) wt%] being Mg(B1−xCx)2 with x=0.10(2). Minor phases include MgB2C2, Mg, and MgO. The major Mg(B1−xCx)2 phase displays diffraction peak widths as sharp as for pure MgB2, indicating good C homogeneity. There is no evidence for ordering of the substituted C atoms or distortion of the host structure other than contraction of the a axis and slight expansion of the c axis. The observed changes in lattice parameters vs. C concentration provide a means for estimating the C concentration in other Mg(B1−xCx)2 samples. The reduction in Tc resulting from 10% C substitution is much larger than previously reported, suggesting that previous reports of the C concentration in Mg(B1−xCx)2 are overestimated. The Mg site occupancy is determined to be 0.990(4) which is consistent with full Mg occupancy. Given these results, the stoichiometry Mg(B0.9C0.1)2 should be used by future attempts (band structural or otherwise) to explain (i) the dramatic suppression of Tc (Tc≈22 K) and (ii) the persistence of the two-superconducting-gap feature in the specific heat data. © 2003 Elsevier Science B.V.
ISSN: 0921-4534
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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