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Title: Attenuation correction for freely moving small animal brain PET studies based on a virtual scanner geometry
Authors: Angelis, GI
Kyme, AZ
Ryder, WJ
Fulton, RR
Meikle, SR
Keywords: Animals
Positron computed tomography
Issue Date: 5-Sep-2014
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Citation: Angelis, G. I., Kyme, A. Z., Ryder, W. J., Fulton, R. R., & Meikle, S. R. (2014). Attenuation correction for freely moving small animal brain PET studies based on a virtual scanner geometry. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 59(19), 5651-5666. doi:10.1088/0031-9155/59/19/5651
Abstract: Attenuation correction in positron emission tomography brain imaging of freely moving animals is a very challenging problem since the torso of the animal is often within the field of view and introduces a non negligible attenuating factor that can degrade the quantitative accuracy of the reconstructed images. In the context of unrestrained small animal imaging, estimation of the attenuation correction factors without the need for a transmission scan is highly desirable. An attractive approach that avoids the need for a transmission scan involves the generation of the hull of the animal’s head based on the reconstructed motion corrected emission images. However, this approach ignores the attenuation introduced by the animal’s torso. In this work, we propose a virtual scanner geometry which moves in synchrony with the animal’s head and discriminates between those events that traversed only the animal’s head (and therefore can be accurately compensated for attenuation) and those that might have also traversed the animal’s torso. For each recorded pose of the animal’s head a new virtual scanner geometry is defined and therefore a new system matrix must be calculated leading to a time-varying system matrix. This new approach was evaluated on phantom data acquired on the microPET Focus 220 scanner using a custom-made phantom and step-wise motion. Results showed that when the animal’s torso is within the FOV and not appropriately accounted for during attenuation correction it can lead to bias of up to 10% . Attenuation correction was more accurate when the virtual scanner was employed leading to improved quantitative estimates (bias < 2%), without the need to account for the attenuation introduced by the extraneous compartment. Although the proposed method requires increased computational resources, it can provide a reliable approach towards quantitatively accurate attenuation correction for freely moving animal studies. © 2014 Institute of Physics
Gov't Doc #: 8662
ISSN: 0031-9155
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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