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dc.contributor.authorCope, M-
dc.contributor.authorKeywood, MD-
dc.contributor.authorEmmerson, K-
dc.contributor.authorGalbally, IE-
dc.contributor.authorBoast, K-
dc.contributor.authorChambers, SD-
dc.contributor.authorCheng, M-
dc.contributor.authorCrumeyrolle, S-
dc.contributor.authorDunne, E-
dc.contributor.authorFedele, R-
dc.contributor.authorGillett, R-
dc.contributor.authorGriffiths, AD-
dc.contributor.authorHarnwell, J-
dc.contributor.authorKatzey, J-
dc.contributor.authorHess, D-
dc.contributor.authorLawson, S-
dc.contributor.authorMilijevic, B-
dc.contributor.authorMolloy, S-
dc.contributor.authorPowell, J-
dc.contributor.authorReisen, F-
dc.contributor.authorRistovski, Z-
dc.contributor.authorSelleck, PW-
dc.contributor.authorWard, J-
dc.contributor.authorChuanfu, C-
dc.contributor.authorZeng, J-
dc.identifier.citationCope, M., Keywood, M., Emmerson, K., Galbally, I., Boast, K., Chambers, S., Cheng, M., Crumeyrolle, S., Dunne, E., Fedele, R., Gillett, R., Griffiths, A., Harnwell, J., Katzey, J., Hess, D., Lawson, S., Milijevic, B., Molloy, S., Powell, J., Reisen, F., Ristovski, Z., Selleck, P., Ward, J. Chuanfu, C., & Zeng, J. (2014). Sydney Particle Study- Stage-II. Apendale, Vic. CSIRO.en_AU
dc.description.abstractThe relationship between particle mass (as PM10 and PM2.5) and health outcomes such as decreased lung function, increased respiratory symptoms, increased chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, increased cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary disease, and increased mortality is now well established. This is well recognised by policy makers in Australia where the Council of Australian Governments has agreed that the initial focus of a new National Plan for Clean Air should be on particles, with the first stage of development being 1/ a health risk assessment; 2/ construction of an exposure reduction framework; 3/ development of emission reduction options and 4/ the undertaking of a cost benefit analysis. As such a quantitative understanding of the sources and sinks of particles within the target airsheds is an essential requirement for achieving the goals of the National Plan for Clean Air. The NSW Office of the Environment and Heritage (OEH) has been pro-active in undertaking, in collaboration with CSIRO, ANSTO and QUT, the subject of this report- the Sydney Particle Study- comprising two field studies (conducted in February 2011 and April, May 2012), and a program of particle model development and application. During the field studies, observations of particles, particle precursor gases and other relevant environmental data were carried out at the Westmead Air Quality Station within the Sydney basin. The modelling task has seen the coupling of a three-dimensional gas-aerosol chemical transport model with the OEH air emissions inventory and the simulation of key particle processes identified by the field campaigns. The study will culminate with the provision of the data, modelling tools and associated training to the OEH air quality modellers, who will then be well placed to contribute aerosol modelling capability to the science and policy development required for the National Plan for Clean Air.en_AU
dc.publisherCSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Researchen_AU
dc.subjectHealth hazardsen_AU
dc.subjectCardiovascular diseasesen_AU
dc.subjectClean air actsen_AU
dc.titleSydney Particle Study- Stage-IIen_AU
dc.typeExternal Reporten_AU
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