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Title: Managing pollutant inputs from pastoral dairy farming to maintain water quality of a lake in a high-rainfall catchment
Authors: Wilcock, RJ
Monaghan, RM
McDowell, RW
Verburg, P
Horrox, J
Chagué-Goff, C
Duncan, MJ
Rutherford, A
Zemansky, G
Scarsbrook, MR
Wright-Stow, AE
Howard-Williams, C
Cotton, S
Keywords: Rain
Escherichia coli
Issue Date: 3-May-2013
Publisher: CSIRO Publishing
Citation: Wilcock, R. J., Monaghan, R. M., McDowell, R. W., Verburg, P., Horrox, J., Chagué-Goff, C., Duncan, M. J., Rutherford, A., Zemansky, G., Scarsbrook, M. R., Wright-Stow, A. E., Howard-Williams, C., & Cotton, S. (2013). Managing pollutant inputs from pastoral dairy farming to maintain water quality of a lake in a high-rainfall catchment. Marine and Freshwater Research, 64(5), 447-459. doi:10.1071/MF12296
Abstract: A study (2004–11) of a dairy catchment stream entering an oligotrophic lake in an area of very high rainfall (~5 m year–1) yielded median concentrations of total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP), suspended sediment (SS) and Escherichia coli (E. coli) of 0.584, 0.074 and 3.7 g m–3, and 405/100 mL (most probable number method), respectively. Trend analysis indicated significant (P < 0.01) decreases for TN (–0.08 ± 0.02 g m–3 year–1), TP (–0.01 ± 0.005 g m–3 year–1) and SS (–0.45 ± 0.14 g m–3 year–1) and were partly attributable to improved exclusion of cattle from the stream. Water balance calculations indicated that approximately one-half the rainfall left as deep drainage that by-passed catchment outlet flow recorders. Estimates of catchment yields for TN were improved by taking into account groundwater hydrology and concentrations from well samples. Storm-flow monitoring inflows exceeding the 97.5th percentile contributed ~40% of total loads leaving the catchment so that specific yields for SS, TN and TP augmented by groundwater inputs and storm flows were ~960, 45 and 7 kg ha–1 year–1, respectively. These compared well with modelled results for losses from dairy farms in the catchment of 40–60 kg N ha–1 year–1 and 5–6 kg P ha–1 year–1 and indicated that attenuation losses were relatively small. © CSIRO, 2013.
Gov't Doc #: 6226
ISSN: 1323-1650
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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