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Title: Regularized principal covariates regression and its application to finding coupled patterns in climate fields
Authors: Fischer, MJ
Keywords: Precipitation
Issue Date: 16-Feb-2014
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Citation: Fischer, M. J. (2014). Regularized principal covariates regression and its application to finding coupled patterns in climate fields. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 119(3), 1266-1276. doi:10.1002/2013JD020382
Abstract: There are many different methods for investigating the coupling between two climate fields, which are all based on the multivariate regression model. Each different method of solving the multivariate model has its own attractive characteristics, but often the suitability of a particular method for a particular problem is not clear. Continuum regression methods search the solution space between the conventional methods and thus can find regression model subspaces that mix the attractive characteristics of the end-member subspaces. Principal covariates regression is a continuum regression method that is easily applied to climate fields and makes use of two end-members: principal components regression and redundancy analysis. In this study, principal covariates regression is extended to additionally span a third end-member (partial least squares or maximum covariance analysis). The new method, regularized principal covariates regression, has several attractive features including the following: it easily applies to problems in which the response field has missing values or is temporally sparse, it explores a wide range of model spaces, and it seeks a model subspace that will, for a set number of components, have a predictive skill that is the same or better than conventional regression methods. The new method is illustrated by applying it to the problem of predicting the southern Australian winter rainfall anomaly field using the regional atmospheric pressure anomaly field. Regularized principal covariates regression identifies four major coupled patterns in these two fields. The two leading patterns, which explain over half the variance in the rainfall field, are related to the subtropical ridge and features of the zonally asymmetric circulation. © 2014, American Geophysical Union.
Gov't Doc #: 5601
ISSN: 2169-897X
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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