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dc.contributor.authorGummow, RJ-
dc.contributor.authorSharma, N-
dc.contributor.authorPeterson, VK-
dc.contributor.authorHe, Y-
dc.identifier.citationGummow, R. J., Sharma, N., Peterson, V. K., He, Y. (2012). Synthesis, structure, and electrochemical performance of magnesium-substituted lithium manganese orthosilicate cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries. Journal of Power Sources, 197, 231-237. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.09.013en_AU
dc.description.abstractMagnesium-substituted lithium manganese orthosilicate (Li2MnSiO4) cathode materials with a nominal composition of Li2MgxMn1−xSiO4, for x = 0.4 and 0.5 are synthesized by a solid-state route, at 700 Â°C in argon. The samples are characterized using powder X-ray and neutron diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and galvanostatic cell-cycling. Rietveld analyses of the powder X-ray and neutron diffraction data show the formation of a monoclinic P21/n structure related to gamma lithium phosphate with no significant impurity peaks. This structure of the Mg-substituted samples is in contrast to the unsubstituted Li2MnSiO4 compound that has a Pmn21 structure when synthesized under the same conditions. Unit-cell volumes of the Mg-substituted materials are intermediate between those of the P21/n structure of Li2MnSiO4 and the isostructural low-temperature form of Li2MgSiO4, indicating the formation of a solid solution. The Mg-substituted materials feature mixed Mg/Mn cation sites, although no evidence of Li/Mn, Li/Mg or Li/Mg/Mn mixed sites are found. The Li2MgxMn1−xSiO4 cathodes show improved electrochemical performance over that reported for the unsubstituted Li2MnSiO4 P21/n phase. The Li2MgxMn1−xSiO4 cathode performance remains limited by its poor electronic properties and the large particle size of the solid-state synthesized products. Optimization of the synthesis conditions is likely to lead to enhanced electrochemical performance. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.en_AU
dc.subjectNeutron diffractionen_AU
dc.subjectX-ray diffractionen_AU
dc.subjectRadioisotope batteriesen_AU
dc.subjectManganese silicatesen_AU
dc.titleSynthesis, structure, and electrochemical performance of magnesium-substituted lithium manganese orthosilicate cathode materials for lithium-ion batteriesen_AU
dc.typeJournal Articleen_AU
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